Gonzalo was born in 1934. The financial background of his father, who raised him, enabled him to pursue an academic career and to take up the chair of Philosophy at San Cristóbal National University in Ayacucho in 1962. From his student years he has also encountered and studied the ideas of Marxism.
In 1965 he had an opportunity to get in touch with the practical application of what he had studied on a theoretical level until then. His trip to the People's Republic of China binds him inextricably with the peoples' cause and he joins the class struggle on the side of the people and the working class. Upon his return to Peru, Gonzalo pioneered the founding of the Peruvian Communist Party. He became the leader and guide of the Peruvian Communist Party on a theoretical and political level.
Abimael Guzmán (Gonzalo) was determined that the Peruvian Revolution and the people would triumph through the "Protracted People's War" against the local dictatorial regime and the imperialists. In fact, at a time when the world communist movement was in decline with the domination of the revisionist line, the Communist Party of Peru, under the leadership of Gonzalo conducted an effective revolutionary struggle for 12 years (1980-1992) with its guerrilleros and guerrilleras reaching very close to Lima. A revolutionary struggle that inspired the peoples of Latin America at a time when the United States and the CIA constantly intervened in Latin America and lead the state assassination machines.
The Communist Party of Peru consistently advocated revolutionary ideas, including those of the Cultural Revolution. It created a mass revolutionary armed movement that was supported by broad sections of society such as farmers, workers, intellectuals, ordinary people and the military, who sided with the communist perspective. But it was basically made up of indigenous peoples and it is characteristic that the guerrilla army was staffed by 40% with indigenous women. Guzmán learned to speak Quechua, the language of the natives, so that he could address them and actively integrate them into the revolutionary struggle.
In 1992 the communist Abimael Guzmán was arrested by the dictatorial regime of Peru with the clear support of American Imperialism. Although his enemies tried to humiliate him by locking him in a cage, Gonzalo, unbroken and faithful to his ideals, called on the people to continue the revolutionary war.
The communist Abimael Guzmán (Gonzalo) was imprisoned for 29 years in solitary confinement despite his deteriorating health, revealing once again how cowardly and criminal the bourgeoisie and the imperialists are; how much they fear the militants, the people, the revolutionary communist perspective.
We denounce the new abominable law passed by the Peruvian congress and was implemented by the new government of Pedro Castillo. This new law applies the cremation of the bodies of the political prisoners and does not allow their urns to be handed over even to their relatives. On Friday 24 September at the Naval Base-Prison Callao the body of the communist leader was thrown into the fire. In the presence of a group of journalists from the mainstream media, to broadcast the images of the heinous act with jubilation and cries of revenge! They even photographed the smoke column! That's who the real terrorists and barbarians are!
Comrade Gonzalo is gone, but in his stead the path that he took as a person, a fighter, a communist, remains. He left in his place the certainty that all the peoples of the planet will walk this path against the local and foreign exploiters.
Honor to the revolutionary communist leader of Peru Abimael Guzmán!
The peoples win with arms in their hands!
Long live the revolutionary struggle in Peru and all over the world!